Dr. Franco Algieri
Associate Professor, Head of International Relations Department
- HIST 2090 CL GNST 2004 Encounters with History: Music and Politics
- INTL 3700 International Organizations
- INTL 4600 Senior Seminar in International Relations: Security architectures
- POLT 1050 Introduction to International Relations
- POLT 4100 Advanced Studies in International Politics: Regional Integration in the 21st Century
- INTL 5000 Introduction to International Relations
- INTL 5540 International Organizations
- INTL 5550 War and Diplomacy
- INTL 5605 Topics in Comparative Politics: The European Union and Asia Pacific
- INTL 5605 Topics in Comparative Politics: European & Chinese approaches to Foreign Policy
- INTL 5605 Topics in Comparative Politics: Security Issues in Europe and Asia
- INTL 5645 Asian Area Studies
- INTL 5860 Issues in International Politics: The Rise of the Asia-Pacific Region
Algieri has been an Associate Professor of International Relations at Webster Vienna Private University since August 2013.
From April 2008 to July 2013 he was Director of Research at the Austrian Institute for European and Security Policy (AIES). Prior to that he worked as a Research Fellow at the Institute for European Politics in Bonn (1991-1994) and at the Research Group on European Affairs, Johannes-Gutenberg University Mainz (1994-1995), and later as a Senior Research Fellow at the Center for Applied Policy Research (C.A.P), Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich (1995-2008). He lectured Political Science at the Institut für Politikwissenschaft, Eberhard-Karls University Tübingen and at the Geschwister-Scholl-Institut, Ludwig-Maximilians University Munich. In 2000 he was appointed Guest Professor at the School of International Studies and Senior Fellow at the Centre for European Studies, both at the Renmin University of China, Beijing.
Algieri studied Political Science and Sinology in Freiburg, Tübingen and Taipei, and European Studies in Bruges. He received his doctorate and MA both from the Eberhard-Karls-University Tübingen, and a Diploma of Advanced European Studies from the College of Europe, Bruges.
His research focus covers European and Asian security issues, the European integration process, and EU-Asia relations (with special emphasis on EU-China relations). He has published widely on these topics.
Dr. Jozef Bátora
Professor, Webster Vienna Private University
- War and Diplomacy
- International Security
- EU Foreign Policy
- International Relations Seminar
- Professor, Webster Vienna Private University
- Professor, Comenius University, Bratislava
Bátora’s research focuses on institutions and their change, organization theory, diplomacy, security, EU’s external relations, EU governance, and identity formation in international relations. His work was published in a number of peer-reviewed journals, including the Journal of European Public Policy, West European Politics, Journal of Common Market Studies, International Relations, and Cambridge Review of International Affairs.
His current research projects focus on, first, the formation of "interstitial organizations," which are emerging in spaces between established institutional fields, tapping into resources located in various institutional fields and recombining those to form new patterns of organized action. This includes organizations such as the European External Action Service or private military corporations. Second, he studies the EU’s role in crisis management in the EU neighborhood with a particular focus on Western Balkans. Third, he analyzes the formation of “thought communities” among the publics in EU member states sharing frames and concepts of the EU as a political order. Finally, he studies processes of adaptation to governance crises in the EU’s differentiated political order.
- Ph.D. in Political Science, University of Oslo, 2006
- M.Phil. in Public Administration, University of Bergen, 1999
- BSc. in Political Science, Comenius University, Bratislava, 1997
- Bátora, J. and Fossum, J.E. (2019): “Introduction“ in Bátora, J., and Fossum, J.E. (eds.): Towards a Segmented European Political Order: The European Union's Post-crisis Conundrum. London: Routledge
- Bátora, J. (2019): “Interstitial Organisations and Segmented Integration in EU Governance” in Bátora, J. and Fossum, J.E. (eds.): Towards a Segmented European Political Order: The European Union's Post-crisis Conundrum. London: Routledge
- Bátora, J. and Fossum, J.E. (2019): “Conclusion: A Segmented Political Order and Future Options” in Bátora, J., and Fossum, J.E. (eds.): Towards a Segmented European Political Order: The European Union's Post-crisis Conundrum. London: Routledge
- Bátora, J. (2018): "Regional Institutional Diplomacies: Europe, Asia, Africa, South America and Other Regions" in Kerr, P. and Wiseman, G. (eds.): Diplomacy in a Globalizing World: Theories and Practices. 2nd Ed., New York: Oxford UP, pp. 308-327
- Bátora, J. (2017): "Turbulence and War: Private Military Corporations and the Reinstitutionalization of War Making" in Ansell, C. et al. (eds.): Governance in Turbulent Times. Oxford: Oxford UP, pp. 181-201
- Bátora, J. (2017): "Slovakia's Layered Entry into International Society and the Possibilities of its Exit" in Ejdus, F. (ed.): Memories of Empire and Entry into International Society. London: Routledge, pp. 138-157
- Bátora, J, and Rieker, P. (2018): “EU-supported reforms in the EU neighborhood as organized anarchies: the case of post-Maidan Ukraine” in Journal of European Integration, 40(4): 461-478.
- Bátora, J. (2017) “Reinvigorating the Rotating Presidency: Slovakia and Agenda-Setting
in the EU’s External Relations” in Global Affairs, Nov. 2017, pp. 1–13.
Bátora, J. et al (2017): "The EU's Crisis Management in the Kosovo-Serbia Crises" EUNPACK Working Paper No 3
- Bátora, J. (2013): “The ‘Mitrailleuse Effect’: The EEAS as an Interstitial Organization and the Dynamics of Innovation in Diplomacy” in Journal of Common Market Studies, 51(4): 598-614
- Bátora, J. (2013): “Compliance and Non-Compliance as Sources of Recognition: Slovakia and NATO” in Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 46(3): 387-396
- Bátora, J. and Pulišová, V. (2013): Slovakia: Learning to Add Value to EU Foreign Policy“ in Baun, Michael, and Marek, Dan (eds.): The New Member States and the European Union: Foreign Policy and Europeanization“ London: Routledge
- Bátora, J. (2012): “Europeanization of Foreign Policy: Whither Central Europe?“ in Sabic, Z. and Drulák, P. (eds.): Regional and International Relations of Central Europe. London: Palgrave, pp. 220-238.
Lecturer, International Relations
- INTL 1050 Introduction to International Relations
- INTL 3310 Conduct of Foreign Policy
- INTL 3700 International Organizations
- INTL 2100 Model United Nations
- FRSH 1200 Freshman Seminar
After receiving his BA Phil. from the Pontifical University Santa Croce in Rome (2003), Honeck studied philosophy, theology, and literature while completing the Christian Humanities Program at the Accademia Balthasar in Rome (2007), and served in the Jesuit Order between 2007-2011. In 2014, he received an MA in International Relations from WVPU with a thesis on U.S. grand strategy in relation to China and the EU.
Ph.D. in Progress, Political Science, University of Vienna
MA International Relations, Webster University Vienna, Austria
Jesuit Novitiate, Nürnberg, Germany
Christian Humanities Program, Accademia Balthasar, Rome, Italy
BA Phil., Pontifical University Santa Croce, Rome, Italy
Dr. Johannes Pollak
Rector, Webster Vienna Private University
- Introduction to Political Theory
- Introduction to International Relations
- Introduction to Comparative Politics
- Issues in International Relations: EU Integration
- Research Methods and Perspectives
- International Relations: Theory and Practice
- Chairman of the Executive Board, Institute for European Politics (IEP), Berlin, Germany
- Professor of Political Science at Webster Vienna Private University
- Head of Research Group “European Integration” at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna - currently on leave
- Lecturer at the Universities of Salzburg and Vienna.
After studying political science and philosophy at the University of Vienna and the London School of Economics, Pollak joined the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for European Integration Research as a research fellow. He later became head of the Department of Political Science at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Vienna. His current research mainly revolves around two topics: political representation in liberal democracies with a focus on parliamentarism in the European Union and European energy policy.
With his research in the first area, which is based on the approach of the so-called Cambridge School of Historians around Q. Skinner, he wanted to build a bridge between integration studies and political theory. Pollak's second research focus deals with the protracted development of a European energy policy, which comprises the establishment of a single market for energy, as well as questions of energy foreign policy. Having taught at Webster Vienna Private University since 2002, Pollak joined the university as Senior Research Professor in September 2009, and became Director in 2017.
Habilitation, University of Salzburg, 2006
Dr.phil, University of Vienna, 1996
Mag.phil., University of Vienna, 1991
MSc. in Political Theory, London School of Economics, 1997
Postgraduate Studies, Austrian Institute for Advanced Studies, 1994
Monographs and edited volumes
- Creating Political Presence: The New Politics of Democratic Representation, University of Chicago Press, forthcoming in 2018 (jointly with D. Castiglione).
- Representation, Library of contemporary essays in governance and political theory,
London and New York, Routledge, 2017 (jointly with C.Lord).
Energy Policy of the European Union (The European Union Series), Palgrave Macmillan, 2016 (jointly with M. Kreutler and S. Schubert).
- 20 Jahre EU Mitgliedschaft Österreich,WUV/UTB 2015 (jointly with H. Neisser, A. Maurer).
- Das Politische System der EU, Wien: WUV/UTB 2012 (jointly with P. Slominski).
- Die Energiepolitik der EU, Wien: UTB/WUV 2011 (jointly with P.Slominski and S. Schubert).
Selected (Peer Reviewed) Articles
- Two futures: EU-Russia relations in the context of Ukraine, European Journal of Futures Research, 2(1), 2014 (jointly with S. Schubert and E. Brutschin)
- The Silence of the Shepherds – How the Austrian Parliament Informs its Citizens on European Issues, Special issue of the Journal of Legislative Studies, Auel K, Raunio T. (eds), The Journal of Legislative Studies, 20(1), 109-124, 2014 (jointly with P. Slominski).
- The Pitfalls of Representation as Claims-Making, Journal of European Integration, 35(5), 517-530, 2013 (jointly with C. Lord).
- Unequal but Democratic? Equality according to Karlsruhe, Journal of European Public Policy, 20(2), 190-205, 2013 (jointly with C. Lord).
- Die Europapolitik in den Mitgliedstaaten der Europäischen Union: Österreich. In: Weidenfeld, Werner and Wessels, Wolfgang, (eds.) Jahrbuch der Europäischen Integration 2017. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft 2017, (jointly with Auel K.).
- The EU’s South-Eastern Corridor: Lifeline or Pipedream?, in: Turkey as an Energy Hub? Contributions on Turkey’s Role in EU Energy Supply, ed. by M. Schröder/W. Wessels/M. Bettzüge, Nomos Verlag, 2017 (jointly with S. Schubert).
- Österreichische Europa-Politik, in: Jahrbuch für Europäische Integration 2016, ed. by W. Weidenfeld, W. Wessels, Nomos Verlag, 2016 (jointly with K. Auel).
- Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Mitwirkung der BügerInnen am demokratischen Leben der Union‘, in: 20 Jahre EU-Mitgliedschaft. Einwirkungen des Unionsrechts auf die nationale Rechtsordnung aus rechtswissenschaftlicher, politikwissenschaftlicher und wirtschaftswisenschaftlicher Sicht, ed. by S. Griller, A. Kahl, B. Kneihs, W. Obwexer, Verlag Österreich, 2016, pp.429-450.
- Österreichs Weg in die und in der Europäischen Union, in A. Maurer, H. Neisser and J. Pollak 20 Jahre EU Mitgliedschaft Österreichs, Wien: Facultas, 2015 pp.9-58.
- The European Parliament: Adversary or Accomplice of the new intergovernmentalism?, in U. Puetter et al (eds.) Legislative and Judicial Politics in the Post-Maastricht Era: States, Supranational Actors, and the New Intergovernmentalism, Oxford University Press, 2015 (jointly with P.Slominski).
- Which democratic principles? What deficit?, in S.Piattoni (ed.) The European Union: Which Institutional Architecture for Which Democracy? Cambridge University Press, 2015, (jointly with J.E Fossum)
- Compounded Representation in the EU: no country for old parliaments?, in S. Kröger (ed.) Political Representation in the European Union: Still democratic in times of crisis?, Routledge, April 2014.
- EU Parliaments after the Treaty of Lisbon: Towards a parliamentary field?, in: B. Crum and J.E. Fossum (eds.), Practices of Interparliamentary Coordination in International Politics, ECPR Press, August 2013 (jointly with P. Slominski).
- Political Representation and the Common Good: a fragile relationship, in S. Puntscher Riekmann, A. Somek and D. Wydra (eds.), Is there a Common European Good?, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 156-173, 2013.
Dr. Anatoly Reshetnikov
Assistant Professor, International Relations
- Research Methods & Perspectives
- Methods of Political Inquiry
- International Relations Seminar: Key Concepts of Russian Foreign Policy
- Central and Eastern European Area Studies
Reshetnikov joined the International Relations Department at WVPU in December 2018.
He holds a Ph.D. from the Department of International Relations of the Central European University (Hungary). He has been a Visiting Researcher at the University College London (UK) and Lund University (Sweden) and a grantee of the Swedish Institute, as well as the CEU Budapest Foundation. More recently, Reshetnikov has also been an Invited Lecturer at Eötvös Loránd University, Central European University, and Mathias Corvinus Collegium, all located in Budapest. He published in a number of academic journals including Security Dialogue, Demokratizatsiya, and Russian Politics. At the moment, he is working on his book on the evolution of Russian great power discourse from the XI century until the present day.
In addition, Reshetnikov’s research interests include identity politics, institutionalized political trolling, conceptual history, critical and linguistic approaches to social analysis, historical International Relations, interpretivist pedagogy, and Russia’s international politics. In the projects that are currently ongoing, he is researching the ‘trickster turn’ in Russian foreign policy, varying conceptions of national greatness, as well as the rhetorical foundations of politics and international relations.
Ph.D. in Political Science, Central European University, 2019
MA in International Relations and European Studies, Central European University, 2010
Specialist in Linguistics and Intercultural Communication, Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University, 2009
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Multiplicity All-Around: In Defence of Nomadic IR and its New Destination,” New Perspectives, Vol. 27, No. 3 (2019): 159-166.
- Viatcheslav Morozov, Xymena Kurowska and Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Why Russia’s Strategic Deception Is Popular: The Cultural Appeal of the Trickster,” PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 554, December 2018.
- Xymena Kurowska and Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Russia’s trolling complex at home and abroad,” in: Nicu Popescu and Stanislav Secrieru (eds), Hacks, Leaks and Disruptions: Russian Cyber Strategies (Paris: European Union Institute for Security Studies, 2018), pp. 25-32.
- Xymena Kurowska and Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Neutrollization: industrialized trolling as a pro-Kremlin strategy of desecuritization,” Security Dialogue, Vol. 49(5) (2018): 345-363.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “What Does Russia Mean When It Talks Greatness?” E-International Relations, 20 May 2018.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Intervention as Virtue, Obligation and Moral Duty: The Meaning of Russia’s Rhetoric on Responsibility during Georgian and Crimean Crises”, Russian Politics, Vol. 2 Issue 2 (2017): 155-181.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Frozen Transition: Russia and Great Power Crisis Management”, New Perspectives, Vol 24. No.1 (2016): 103-108.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “‘Great Projects’ Politics in Russia: History’s Hardly Victorious End”, Demokratizatsiya, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Spring, 2011): 151-175.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Religion, Tyranny and Their Contraposition as Framing and Retaining Factors for the Effect of Social System in Kurt Vonnegut’s Novel ‘Cat’s Cradle’,” in: V.V. Barabanov et al. (eds), Gertsenovskiye Chteniya 2008. Aktualnye problemy sotsialnykh nauk (Saint-Petersburg, 2008) – in Russian.
- Anatoly Reshetnikov, “Semeiological Problems: Postmodernism and Deconstruction of Jacques Derrida,” in: Izvestiya: Human Sciences, No. 2 (2007) – in Russian.
Faculty Member, Coordinator of the ECON Reading Group
- FRSH 1200 First Year Seminar
- HRTS 1100 Introduction to Human Rights
- POLT 2500 Interdisciplinary Approach to Politics: Globalization
- ECON 3100 Issues in Economics: Institutional Economics
- ECON 4900 History of Economic Though
Schoellhammer is currently a faculty member in the International Relations & Business and Management Department at Webster Vienna Private University. He is also an affiliated researcher with the Danube University Krems. Additionally, he works as a consultant for the Austrian Federal Chancellery’s Division III: Civil Service and Administrative Innovation that deals with reforming and modernizing the Austrian public service. Before joining Webster Vienna, he worked as a financial markets analyst for the Austrian Central Bank and in the private banking sector. He writes occasionally for Austrian and international newspapers, like Die Presse, der Standard, Wiener Zeitung, The Atlantic Sentinel, and Eutopia.
Schoellhammer's research interests are at the intersection of economics and political science, with a special emphasis on human behavior. One of his central research questions is to describe a concept of human nature that can serve as a heuristic device in several social sciences, and bridges the gap that exists, for example, between evolutionary biology, psychology, psychiatry, anthropology, sociology, history, and economics that largely live in “inglorious isolation” from one another (in the words of Cosmides et al. in their The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture). This idea of conceptual or vertical integration attempts to make the disciplines within the behavioral and social sciences should make themselves reciprocally consistent, and brought in line with the findings we have from the natural sciences.
This leads to another one of his research interests, which is the generation of culture and its influence on economic and political institutions. More precisely, these interests are based on Political Theory and Political Psychology with an emphasis on the emergence and decline of patterns of morality and how these patterns influence the performance of institutions. Related to this research, Schoellhammer also serves as an officer for the Austrian Society for New Institutional Economics (ASNIE).
- Ph.D. Political Science, University of Kentucky, expected 2019
- M.A. Political Science, University of Kentucky, 2013
- M.A. Economics, Vienna University of Business and Economics
Peer Reviewed Publications
- Höchtl, J., & Parycek, P., & Schöllhammer, R. (2016). Big data in the policy cycle: Policy decision making in the digital era. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 26(1-2), 147-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10919392.2015.1125187
- Parycek, P., & Schöllhammer, R., & Schossböck, J. (2015). Emotions and E-participation of Young People: A Preliminary Study. Proceedings from HICSS: 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (pp. 2415-2424). Kauai, HI. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/HICSS.2015.289
- Schoellhammer, R. (2015). Before Participation: Emotions and Politics. In P. Filzmaier, & P. Plaikner, & C. Hainzl, & K. Duffek (Eds.), Jugend und Politik Generationendialog oder Gesellschaftskonflikt? (pp. 11-21). Wien: Facultas Verlags- und Buchhandels AG.
- Schoellhammer, R. (2015). Governmental Ideation Systems. In M. Škerlavaj, & A. Carlsen,
& A. Dysvik, & M. Černe, Capitalizing on Creativity at Work: Fostering the Implementation
of Creative Ideas in Organizations. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. http://www.e-elgar.com/shop/capitalizing-on-creativity-at-work
- Schöllhammer, R. (2015). Diversität und Multikultur als Chance und Herausforderung. In Proceedings from eEducation Sommertagung (pp. 184-193), Vienna, Austria.
- Parycek, P., & Schöllhammer, R., & Goraczek, M. (2015). Utopia Internet - Any Freedom Left? In NÖ Forschungs- und Bildungsges.m.b.H & Donau-Universität Krems (Ed.), Glücksbilder. Die Wirklichkeit der Utopien. Proceedings from Symposium Dürnstein, Austria.
- Schoellhammer, R. (2014, March). Review of the book [Theorizing Society in a Global
Context, by A.S. Krossa]. Journal Of Common Market Studies, March 2014, 52(2): 436-443.
Schoellhammer, R. (2013, May). Review of the book [Kant and Cosmopolitanism: The Philosophical Ideal of World Citizenship, by P. Kleingeld]. CHOICE, May 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.5860/CHOICE.50-5273
- Schoellhammer, R. (2007, June). Review of the book [Europe and the Middle East in the Shadow of September 11, by R. Youngs]. Journal of Common Market Studies, June 2007, 45(2): 520-520. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2007.00720_6.x
- Schöllhammer, R. (2007). The Global War Against Terrorism (AIES working paper).
- History of Economic and Political Thought
- Macroeconomics and Public Policy
- Behavioral Economics
- Moral and Political Psychology
- New Institutional Economics
- Political Theory (Especially 19th and 20th century)
- Schöllhammer, R. (2015). 1215-2015: Magna Carta and the Birth of Liberty. Eutopia - Ideas for Europe, 2015.
- Schöllhammer, R., & Parycek, P. (2014). Technology and the Competition between Democracy and Autocracy. Eutopia - Ideas for Europe, 2014(3).
- Die falsch verstandene Natur der Hellas Krise - Die Presse, May 6, 2015
Russlands Hauptproblem ist nicht der Westen - Die Presse, December 18, 2014
- Asiens geleasete Stabilität - Wiener Zeitung, September 10, 2014
German Ideological Revival Polarizes Western Politics - The Atlantic Sentinel, March 5, 2013
- Germany’s Merkel Dominates Preelection Polls - The Atlantic Sentinel, January 15, 2013
- Hezbollah and the War in Lebanon - AIES Newsletter (in German) 2006
- Demokratien sind Dreckig - Interview, Der Standard, January 11, 2015
Dr. Samuel R. Schubert
Associate Director, Webster Vienna Private University
- Graduate and Undergraduate Seminars on Terrorism and Political Violence
- International Relations Theory
- International Security/Energy Security
- US Foreign Policy and US National Institutions
- Middle East Area Studies
- Comparative Foreign Policy
Associate Director of Webster Vienna Private University
Assistant Professor of International Relations, Webster Vienna, Private University
Schubert's current research focuses on the nexus of energy policy and security at the European policy and geopolitical levels and the related foreign policies of great powers. Combining International Political Economy with key approaches of International Relations theory and Foreign Policy Analysis, he has (co)authored monographs on EU Energy Policy and articles and chapters on the resource curse, the role of energy in EU-Russia relations, economic and military developments in the Arctic, lessons learned with regard to strategic autonomy projects, and role of key energy supply corridors.
His work on the resource curse and the political-developmental effects of mineral export dependence have led to several commissioned studies (1,2,3). Prior to his focus on energy security matters, Dr. Schubert focused on the empirical analysis of modern terrorism developing a framework for understanding it as a limitedly successful form of warfare for weaker forces engaged in asymmetric conflicts against large open societies.
Dr.Phil, Political Science, University of Vienna, 2010
MA International Relations, Webster University, 2008
BA Political Science, George Washington University, 1988
- Die Energiepolitik der EU with J.Pollak & P. Smolinski. (2010) Vienna: UTB/Facultas.
- “Savior or Achilles Heel: Turkish Membership in the Context of EU Energy Policy” (2010) Paper presented with J. Pollak at the 68th Annual Midwest Political Science Association National Conference (April 22-25, Chicago).
- A Comparative Analysis of Systemic Opportunities and Constraints in US and UK Energy Policy Formulation: Implications for Inter-State Relations (2008) Ann Arbor: ProQuest/UMI.
- Being Rich in Energy Resources – A Blessing or a Curse, (2007) Report to the Directorate General, External Policies of the Union, Brussels: European Parliament.
- “Revisiting the Oil Curse” in Development 49.3 September 2006.
- The asymmetric power of terrorism (2007) George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies: Garmisch; available in English, German, and Russian. Also available in Schröfl/Cox/Pankratz (eds.) (2009) Winning the Asymmetric War, Political, Social and Military Responses, New York: Peter Lang.
- “In Search of that Valid Terrorist Profile” in Schröfl (Edt.): Political Asymmetries in the Era of Globalization, Frankfurt, Peter Lang: 2007.
- “In Search of that Valid Terrorist Profile: Debunking myths behind the violence” (2007) presented at the 2007 Biennial International Conference of the Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society, Chicago, 27 October, 2007.
- “La política exterior de Estados Unidos” (2007) Bien Comùn, No. 153.
- “Protecting Cultural Property in Times of War: The non-state actor dilemma” (2009) in Proceedings of the Conference on Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times Of Armed Conflict, Tallinn: Estonian Heritage Society.